(1703–1774) colonial soldier. Born into a leading New England family in Marshfield, Massachusetts, John Winslow served as a captain in William Gooch's American Foot during the Cartagena expedition of 1741. He later served at the same rank in a succession of British regiments in North America before retiring on half-pay in 1751. At the beginning of the French and Indian War (1754–63) he served as a lieutenant colonel commandant of a New England regiment that contributed to successful sieges of French forts in Nova Scotia. In late 1755 Winslow was appointed a major general of a 7000 man provincial force with a mission to take the French stronghold at Crown Point, but his army balked when they were told they would be incorporated into a larger regular force for the expedition. The militiamen feared their enlistment contracts would be violated and they were eventually disbanded. Winslow received some blame for their recalcitrance, and that failed campaign ended his military career.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.