(1638–1707) colonial military leader and governor. Born the son of the governor of Connecticut, John Winthrop was also known as Fitz or Fitz-John. He reached the rank of captain in the English Army and helped restore King Charles II in 1660. Back in the colonies, he led militia on Long Island during the third Anglo-Dutch War (1673–1674), and in 1687 was appointed major general in charge of the combined militias of Connecticut and Massachusetts. During King William's War in 1690 he led a colonial-Indian force from Albany in an unsuccessful campaign into Canada. In 1698 he was elected governor of Connecticut, a position he held until his death in Boston nine years later.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.