(b Amersfoort, c.1653; d Rome, 13 Sept. 1736). Dutch painter and draughtsman who spent virtually his whole career in Italy, where he was known as Gaspare Vanvitelli. He lived mainly in Rome, where he is first recorded in 1675, but he also visited northern Italy and Naples. He was one of the leading view painters of his time, specializing in scenes of modern Rome and showing comparatively little interest in the ancient ruins that attracted so many other artists. His son Luigi Vanvitelli (1700–73) began his career as a painter but changed course to become one of the greatest Italian architects of the 18th century, celebrated particularly for his huge royal palace (begun 1751) at Caserta, near Naples.
From The Oxford Dictionary of Art in Oxford Reference.