(1734–1780)Revolutionary War army officer. Born in Caroline County, Virginia, William Woodford served in the Virginia militia during the French and Indian War (1754–63). He began the Revolutionary War in command of the 3rd Virginia Regiment, and was instrumental in defeating Lord Dunmore's Loyalists and compelling the royal governor to leave the state. In 1776 Woodford was appointed a colonel in Continental service, and he was promoted to brigadier general the next year. He fought at the battles at Brandywine, Germantown (both 1777), and Monmouth (1778). In December 1779 George Washington ordered Woodford south with 700 soldiers to reinforce Benjamin Lincoln in Charleston. Woodford arrived in April 1780, and was taken prisoner the next month when the city fell to the British. He died in captivity in New York City.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.