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1 A vegetation community that includes widely spaced, mature trees. The tree crowns are typically more spreading in form than those of forest trees. Crowns do not touch and do not form a closed canopy. Woodland is often defined as having 40 per cent canopy closure or less. Between the trees, grass, heathland, or scrub communities typically develop, giving a park-like landscape.

2 A general term for a wooded landscape, often used generally (e.g. broad-leaved woodland) or to describe a number of separate wooded areas (e.g. the Estate Woodlands). Colloquially, the terms forest and woodland are often used interchangeably in Britain.

Subjects: Plant Sciences and Forestry — Ecology and Conservation.

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