Woodward was a physician with a wide knowledge of fossils, whose large collection formed the basis for the geologic museum at Cambridge, England. He was a diluvialist, believing that fossils and sediments had settled out of the ocean of Noah's Deluge in the order of their specific gravities. His Essay towards a Natural History of the Earth (1695) influenced both English and continental natural philosophers. See diluvialism.
Subjects: Earth Sciences and Geography — Philosophy.