Founded in 1903 by Albert Mansbridge (1876–1952), a cashier at the Cooperative Permanent Building Society, whose own formal education had ended at the age of 14. Mansbridge considered that the University Extension movement, established in 1878, had been largely taken over by the middle classes. To remedy this, Mansbridge launched an Association to Promote the Higher Education of Working Men, changing its name to the Workers' Educational Association two years later. By the outbreak of the First World War the movement had proved a success, with every university providing tutors. But infiltration by the middle class persisted.
Subjects: Education — Regional and National History.