Is the time that workers spend in paid employment. There are three aspects of working time: time, timing and tempo. Time refers to the duration of working time and can be measured in terms of the length of the working day, working week, or working year. Timing refers to the scheduling of work time, which may follow a standard pattern (e.g. nine-to-five, Monday to Friday) or a shift pattern. Under the latter, individuals may work on different days or at different times of the day in successive weeks. Tempo refers to the intensity with which people work during their working time and the extent to which periods of work are broken up by meal times and tea and coffee breaks. [See annual-hours contracts, compressed working week, flexitime, overtime, porosity, work intensification, and Working Time Directive.]
Subjects: Human Resource Management.