Workmen's Compensation Act

'Workmen's Compensation Act' can also refer to...

Workmen's Compensation Act (1897)

Workmen's Compensation Act (1897)

Workmen's Compensation Act (1897)

Workmen’s Compensation Act (1897)

ROGERS, Bertram Mitford Heron (1860 - 1953), Consulting Physician to the Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Bristol; Lt-Col RAMC (TA); late Medical Referee under Workmen’s Compensation Act

EVANS, Harold Muir (1866 - 1947), Major RAMC (T) (retired); Fellow of University College, London; Consulting Surgeon, Lowestoft and North Suffolk Hospital, Medical Referee, Workmen’s Compensation Act

FERGUSON, Joshua (1870 - 1951), Member of Council, St Leonards and St Katharines Schools, St Andrews; late Medical Referee for Renfrewshire under Workmen’s Compensation Act; President Royal Medico-Chirurgical Society of Glasgow, 1928–30; late Medical Referee to the Ministry of Pensions

BREND, William A. (1873 - 1944), Barrister-at-law, Inner Temple; Lecturer on Forensic Medicine, Charing Cross Hospital; Medical Referee under the Workmen’s Compensation Act; Examiner in State Medicine to the University of London; late Neurological Deputy Commissioner of Medical Services (Ministry of Pensions); Member of the British Psycho-Analytic Society; late Vice-President of Medico-Legal Society; Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine

ROWAN, John (died 1948), Honorary Consulting Ophthalmic Surgeon, Glasgow Royal Infirmary; Honorary Consulting Surgeon Ophthalmic Institution, Glasgow; Hon. Consulting Ophthalmic Surgeon, Royal Hospital for Sick Children, Glasgow; late Consulting Ophthalmic Surgeon, Glasgow Throat, Nose and Ear Hospital; Consulting Ophthalmic Surgeon to Glasgow Royal Mental Hospital and Deaf and Dumb Institution, Glasgow; Medical Referee for Ophthalmic Cases under Workmen’s Compensation Act for Lanarkshire, Ayr, Renfrew, Bute, Stirling, Dumbarton, Clackmannan


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This Act, passed by Lord Salisbury's government, was a significant step in establishing employers' liability. The foundation of the Trades Union Congress in 1868 saw increased pressure for compensation for accidents at work, and in 1876 a select committee was set up, under the chairmanship of Robert Lowe. It resulted in an Act of 1880 which offered up to three years' wages in damages if the employer or an authorized superintendent had been negligent. In the 1890s Joseph Chamberlain campaigned for compensation ‘irrespective of the cause of accident’ and, though colonial secretary, was largely responsible for the Act of 1897, which established that an employee was entitled to compensation for any accident not his own fault, even if there was no negligence on the part of the employer.

Subjects: British History.

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