Overview

World War I


'World War I' can also refer to...

Adriane Lentz-Smith. Freedom Struggles: African Americans and World War I. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 2009. Pp. 318. $35.00

Alexandra M. Lord, Condom Nation: The US Government's Sex Education Campaign from World War I to the Internet

Alexandra M. LordCondom Nation: The U.S. Government's Sex Education Campaign from World War I to the Internet. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 2010. Pp. xi, 224. $40.00.

American Indians in World War I: At Home and at War. By Thomas A. Britten. (Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1997. x, 254 pp. $34.95, ISBN 0-8263-1804-5.)

American Women in World War I: They Also Served. By Lettie Gavin. (Niwot: University Press of Colorado, 1997. xiv, 295 pp. $29.95, ISBN 0-87081-432-X.)

Americans All!: Foreign-Born Soldiers in World War I

America's Great War: World War I and the American Experience. America's Great War: World War I and the American Experience

“Among Foreign Peoples”: Racial Studies of POWs during World War I

Andrew D. EvansAnthropology at War: World War I and the Science of Race in Germany. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 2010. Pp. ix, 293. $29.00

Anthropology at War: World War I and the Science of Race in Germany

Before Harlem: The Black Experience in New York City before World War I. By Marcy S. Sacks. (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2006. 231 pp. $49.95, ISBN 978-0-8122-3961-4.)

Belinda J. Davis. Home Fires Burning: Food, Politics, and Everyday Life in World War I Berlin. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 2000. Pp. xiv, 349 Cloth $55.00, paper $24.95

Beth Linker, War's Waste: Rehabilitation in World War I America

Beth Linker. War's Waste: Rehabilitation in World War I America. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 2011. Pp. 291. $35.00

BLACK PILOTS IN WORLD WAR I

Blood and Oil: The Middle East in World War I. Dir. and prod. by Marty Callaghan. Inecom Entertainment Company, 2006. 112 mins. (Inecom Entertainment Company, http://www.inecom.com/)

Bodies of War: World War I and the Politics of Commemoration in America, 1919–1933. By Lisa M. Budreau. (New York: New York University Press, 2010. xviii, 317 pp. $50.00, ISBN 978-0-8147-9990-1.)

Book Review: Home Fires Burning: Food, Politics, and Everyday Life in World War I Berlin

Book Review: Vienna and the Fall of the Habsburg Empire. Total War and Everyday Life in World War I

Book Review: War Land on the Eastern Front. Culture, National Identity, and German Occupation in World War I

Brett Gary. The Nervous Liberals: Propaganda Anxieties from World War I to the Cold War. (Columbia Studies in Contemporary American History.) New York: Columbia University Press. 1999. Pp. xii, 323. Cloth $49.50, paper $19.00

By the book? Commanders Surrendering in World War I

Calamities: World War I and the flu epidemic, 1917–1919

Canada from World War I to the Present

Capturing Race: Anthropology and Photography in POW Camps during World War I

Carol R. Byerly. Fever of War: The Influenza Epidemic in the U.S. Army during World War I. New York, New York University Press, 2005. xv, 251 pp., illus. $21 (paper), $65 (cloth).

CAROL R. BYERLY. The Fever of War: The Influenza Epidemic in the U.S. Army during World War I. New York: New York University Press. 2005. Pp. xv, 250. Cloth $65.00, paper $21.00

‘Child of the East:’ Posen Province, World War I, Danzig

Christopher Capozzola. Uncle Sam Wants You: World War I and the Making of the Modern American Citizen. New York: Oxford University Press. 2008. Pp. 334. $34.95.

The CLEF Club, Darkydom, and World War I

 

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Quick Reference

(1914–18)

A war fought between the Allied Powers – Britain, France, Russia, Japan, and Serbia – who were joined in the course of the war by Italy (1915), Portugal and Romania (1916), the USA and Greece (1917) – against the Central Powers: Germany, the Austro‐Hungarian empire, Ottoman Turkey, and Bulgaria (from 1915). The war's two principal causes were fear of Germany's colonial ambitions and European tensions arising from shifting diplomatic divisions and nationalist agitation, especially in the Balkans. It was fought in six main theatres of war. On the Western Front fighting was characterized by trench warfare, both sides believing that superiority in numbers would ultimately prevail despite the greater power of mechanized defence. Aerial warfare developed from reconnaissance into bombing and the use of fighter aircraft in air‐to‐air combat. On the Eastern Front the initial Russian advance was defeated at Tannenberg (1914). With Turkey also attacking Russia, the Dardanelles expedition (1915) was planned in order to provide relief, but it failed. Temporary Russian success against Austria‐Hungary was followed (1917) by military disaster and the Russian Revolution. The Mesopotamian Campaign was prompted by Britain's desire to protect oil installations and to conquer outlying parts of the Ottoman empire. A British advance in 1917 against the Turks in Palestine, aided by an Arab revolt, succeeded. In north‐east Italy a long and disastrous campaign after Italy had joined the Allies was waged against Austria‐Hungary, with success only coming late in 1918. Campaigns against Germany's colonial possessions in Africa and the Pacific were less demanding. At sea there was only one major encounter, the inconclusive Battle of Jutland (1916). A conservative estimate of casualties of the war gives 10 million killed and 20 million wounded. An armistice was signed and peace terms agreed in the Versailles Peace Settlement.

Subjects: regional and national history.


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