(b. 15 Aug. 1878, d. 25 Apr. 1928).
Russian general Born in St Petersburg, he joined a cavalry regiment as a private in 1901, and by 1910 had graduated from the Academy of the General Staff. He commanded a cavalry corps during World War I, but following the 1917 Russian (October) Revolution he joined the counter‐revolutionary forces. In the ensuing Russian Civil War, Wrangel became commander of the Caucasian army, with which he advanced deep into Russian territory. He was dismissed after a quarrel with Denikin, whereupon he left for Constantinople. He returned after Denikin's defeat and took command of the rump forces of the White Army in the Crimea, trying to galvanize popular support through land reform. Despite early successes he was defeated by the Red Army, whereupon he organized the evacuation of over 150,000 soldiers and civilians across the Black Sea to Turkey. He died in Belgium.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).