(1863–1913), scion of the English aristocracy who claimed descent from the rebel Lord Edward FitzGerald. A colourful liberal Tory, Wyndham was chief secretary for Ireland 1900–5, joining Balfour's cabinet in 1902. He was an ambitious reformer, achieving success with the Land Act of 1903. He broke with civil service convention to appoint Sir Antony MacDonnell as under-secretary, and attempted to implement a scheme for administrative reform. Unionist opposition to this initiative brought about the devolution crisis, and he resigned from the government in March 1905.
From The Oxford Companion to Irish History in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: European History.