Stanisław Wyspiański


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(b Cracow, 15 Jan. 1869; d Cracow, 28 Nov. 1907).

Polish painter, designer, illustrator, and writer. He is now perhaps best known for his work in the theatre (as playwright, producer, and stage designer), which has given him a reputation as the father of modern Polish drama. His literary and theatrical work, however, was mainly confined to the last decade of his short life, and he was active chiefly in the visual arts, in which he was a figure of similar vigour and versatility. After training under Jan Matejko, he spent most of the period 1891–4 in Paris, where he was influenced by Gauguin and Symbolism. His work included church murals, stained glass, portraits, landscapes, book illustrations, and furniture design. He had an allergy to oil paint and his favourite medium was pastel.

Subjects: Theatre — Art.

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