Koçi Xoxe

(b. 1917)

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Tito (1892—1980) Yugoslav Marshal and statesman, Prime Minister 1945–53 and President 1953–80

Enver Hoxha (1908—1985) Albanian statesman


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(b. Korçë region, 1917; d. Tirana, 11 June 1949)

Albanian; Minister of the Interior 1945–8 Of working-class origin, Xoxe fought in the Albanian Communist resistance during the Second World War, when he became a protégé of Tito. He was Minister of the Interior in the post-war government with responsibility for the secret police, the Sigurimi. He presided over the trials of ‘war criminals’ and the Albanian Labour Party's (ALP—the Communist party's) political opponents. He was the leader of the pro-Yugoslav faction of the ALP, which even considered union between Albania and Yugoslavia. He worked in close co-operation with the Yugoslav security service in conducting a purge of the Albanian party, in particular of all those who opposed Albania's close relationship with Yugoslavia. His position weakened after Yugoslavia was expelled from the Cominform in 1948. His rival, Enver Hoxha, used Soviet support to eliminate his rivals from the party. In September 1948 Xoxe was removed from office. He was accused of ‘Titoism’ and, falsely, of having worked for British and US intelligence during the war. In May 1949 his supporters were put on the first Soviet-style show trial in Eastern Europe. On 11 June 1949 Xoxe was shot for treason.

Subjects: Politics.

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