(b San Fernando, nr. Buenos Aires, 14 Dec. 1887; d Buenos Aires, 9 April 1963).
Argentinian painter. He was the son of Latvian-Italian immigrants, hence his rather jumbled name, which he compressed to Xul Solar. From 1912 to 1924 he travelled widely in Europe. Although he absorbed features from European movements such as Cubism and Dada, he was self-taught as an artist and his work has a highly personal sense of fantasy and humour befitting his visionary and mystic outlook. He worked on a small scale, chiefly in tempera and watercolour, rarely exhibited, and sought no honours. However, a major commemorative exhibition of his work was held at the Museo Nacional de Belles Artes in Buenos Aires in 1964 and he has had a powerful influence on younger Argentinian artists.