The organization to commemorate the six million Jews who perished in the Holocaust, the headquarters building of which is situated on Memorial Hill in Jerusalem. The word yad (lit. ‘hand’) means ‘monument’, vashem means ‘and a memorial’, following the verse: ‘Even unto them will I give in My house and within My walls a monument and a memorial [yad vashem] better than sons and daughters; I will give them an everlasting memorial, that shall not be cut off’ (Isaiah 56: 5). The Yad Vashem complex contains a Hall of Names (of those who perished); a synagogue; comprehensive archives; a museum of the Holocaust; and a commemoration of the ‘righteous Gentiles’, non-Jews who risked their lives to save Jews from the fury of the Nazis.
Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies.