Reformist branch of the Shadhili tariqah founded by Ali Nur al-Din al-Yashruti. Centered in Palestine, but spread throughout Syria and North and East Africa. Particularly active in East Africa, where it established centers and performed missionary work along the eastern coastal region. Active in the pan-Islamic movement supported by the Ottoman sultan in the nineteenth century. The order was significant for establishing a rigorous interpretation of Islam in the region. It did not become a major political force, although leaders sometimes attacked policies of local rulers and sometimes faced European controls.