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(r. 680–83)

Umayyad caliph who sent forces against Husayn and his followers in Karbala, Iraq, in 680, resulting in their martyrdom. Personification of evil and oppression for Shiis. In the twentieth century the Husayn/Yazid paradigm was used to describe the relationship between the oppressed Iranian people and the Pahlavi regime, and between the oppressed Shiis of Lebanon and the landlords, state, and police.

Subjects: Islam.

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