Lyric opera in one act by Tchaikovsky to lib. by M. Tchaikovsky after V. Zotov's trans. of H. Hertz's King René's Daughter. Comp. 1891. F.p. St Petersburg 1892 in double‐bill with ballet The Nutcracker. F. Amer. p. Scarborough‐on‐Hudson 1933; f. Brit. p. London 1968, Leeds, double bill with The Nutcracker (Opera North, and Adventures in Motion Pictures) 1992.