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Yom Tov Ishbili


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Spanish Talmudist and Halakhic authority (d. 1330), known as the Ritba, after the initial letters of his name, Rabbi Yom Tov ben Avraham Ishbili (Ishbili means ‘of Seville’). The Ritba's teachers were Solomon Ibn Adret and, especially, Aaron Ha-Levi of Barcelona. After Ibn Adret's death, the Ritba was acknowledged as the most prominent spiritual guide by the Jews of Spain and other lands. Ritba was a student of philosophy. His Sefer Ha-Zikkaron (‘Book of Remembrance’) defends Maimonides’ Guide of the Perplexed against the strictures of Nahmanides in the latter's Commentary to the Torah, although Ritba believed that Maimonides' approach was only valid from the philosophical point of view, while Nahmanides was also right from the Kabbalistic point of view; the conflict between philosophy and the Kabbalah in the time of Ritba finds echoes in his works.

Subjects: Judaism and Jewish Studies.


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