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kingdom of York


'kingdom of York' can also refer to...

York, kingdom of

York, kingdom of

York, kingdom of

York, kingdom of

York, kingdom (dukedom, earldom) of

Abstracts of the United Kingdom Environmental Mutagen Society 22nd Annual General Meeting, April 6–8, University of York, York, UK

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Asa Briggs. The History of Broadcasting in the United Kingdom. Volume 5, Competition. New York: Oxford University Press. 1995. Pp. xxvi, 1133. $75.00

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S. J. Connolly. Divided Kingdom: Ireland 1630–1800. (Oxford History of Early Modern Europe.) New York: Oxford University Press. 2008. Pp. x, 519. $70.00

D. A. Low. Fabrication of Empire: The British and the Uganda Kingdoms 1890–1902. New York: Cambridge University Press. 2009. Pp. xix, 361. $108.00

Kevin Kenny. Peaceable Kingdom Lost: The Paxton Boys and the Destruction of William Penn's Holy Experiment. New York: Oxford University Press. 2009. Pp. viii, 294. $29.95

 

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The Viking kingdom of York has attracted great attention since the Coppergate excavations revealed so much about Jorvik and its inhabitants. In 867 York was seized by Danish raiders from the Viking kingdom of Dublin, led by Ivarr and his brother Halfdan. Holding the new conquest did not prove easy. Halfdan was killed in Ireland in 877 trying to assert his claim to Dublin. Halfdan II, who held the kingdom in 910, was killed at Tettenhall in Staffordshire fighting against Edward the Elder. York's next ruler, Ragnall, a grandson of Ivarr, submitted to Edward in 920. The later decades of the kingdom were chaotic. England's suzerainty seems to have lasted since Ragnall's successor Sihtric was married to a sister of Athelstan, who took over the kingdom on Sihtric's death in 927, turning out Sihtric's brother Guthfrith and ruling it until 939. Guthfrith's son Olaf then recaptured York but died soon after. Sihtric's son Olaf could not hold it. From 944 the kings of England took over again until 947 when Erik Bloodaxe, the last of the York Vikings, established a shaky rule. He was killed at Stainmore in 954, possibly fleeing to Dublin. Henceforward the kingdom formed part of England, under Edred and Eadwig. The relative prosperity of Jorvik—its busy international trade, thriving workshops, and well‐established mints—is perhaps a warning not to judge exclusively by chronicles, which tend to record death, destruction, and disaster, rather than peaceful progress.

Subjects: British History.


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