American architect. His early work was in a restrained Federal style, but his Vermont State House, Montpelier (1833–6), with a Greek Doric portico and a low Pantheon-like dome (destroyed), was an essay in modestly advanced Neo-Classicism. He turned to the Gothic Revival for St Paul's Church, Burlington, VT (1832), then back to Greek Doric and a Pantheon dome for the Custom House, Boston, MA (1837–47—overwhelmed by extensions carried out by Peabody & Stearns in 1915). In 1852 he was appointed First Supervising Architect of the Office of Construction of the Treasury Department, and designed numerous Federal buildings, notably custom-houses, post-offices, and federal-courts, many of which are in Italianate styles. A good example is the Custom House and Post Office, Windsor, VT (1856–8), where iron was used structurally as well as for external and internal ornament. Many of his designs were published in Plans of Public Buildings in Course of Construction for the United States of America under the Direction of the Secretary of the Treasury (1855–6).
Hamlin (1964);Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, xix/3 (Oct. 1960), 119–23, xxv/4 (Dec. 1966), 268–80;R. Kennedy (1989);Placzek (ed.)(1982);Jane Turner (1996);Vermont History, xxxvi (1968), 55–60;Wodehouse (1970);