Samuel Baldwin Marks Young

(1840—1924) administrator in India

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(1840–1924) U.S. army officer. Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Young enlisted as a private in a Pennsylvania volunteer unit when the Civil War began. He served in the Army of the Potomac throughout the conflict, rising to the rank of brevet brigadier general of volunteers for his service in the final campaign. After the war he accepted a regular appointment as a second lieutenant, and by 1897 was the colonel of the 3rd Cavalry Regiment. When the Spanish-American War (1898) began, he was made a brigadier general of volunteers and given a brigade in Joseph Wheeler's division for the Santiago campaign. After service in Cuba, Young saw action in the Philippine War and served as military governor of northern Luzon. He was promoted to major general of regulars in 1901, going on to command the Department of California. In July 1902 he became the first president of the Army War College. The next year he was promoted to lieutenant general and appointed the first chief of staff of the army under the new General Staff system. He held that post until his retirement in 1904. In 1909–1910 he was president of a board of inquiry that upheld President Theodore Roosevelt's harsh punishments for black soldiers involved in the 1906 Brownsville riot. In 1910, Young became the governor of the Soldiers Home in Washington, D.C., a position he held for ten years.

From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

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