Are those who have left full-time education but who are in their first years of full-time labour market participation. In the UK, the term can be used to refer to those between the ages of 16 and 18, 16 and 21, and even 16 and 25, depending on context. Young workers tend to be the focus of three kinds of government policy. First, they are often viewed as a particularly vulnerable group and in many countries, there is legislation restricting the hours of work and types of activity in which young workers can become engaged. In the EU, the Young Workers Directive provides protection of this kind. Second, and perhaps paradoxically given the first policy, they may be removed from certain kinds of labour market regulation as a stimulus to job creation. The British National Minimum Wage, for instance, initially did not apply to workers below 18 and there is a lower rate for 18–21 year olds. Third, and also reflecting the relatively high unemployment of young workers, states have initiated job creation and training schemes in order to ease the transition from school to work. The UK government's New Deal programme provides an example.
Subjects: Human Resource Management.