Michiel Ywyns

(fl. c. 1514—1517)

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(fl c. 1514–17). South Netherlandish sculptor. He was from Mechelen, but he is known only for work done for the town halls at Middelburg and neighbouring Veere in Holland, to which members of the Keldermans family from Mechelen also contributed. In 1514–18 Ywyns was paid for a series of 25 sandstone statues for the façade of the Stadhuis in Middelburg. The statues, which represent the counts and countesses of Holland, were placed in ten pairs beneath canopies set between the first-floor windows of the main façade, with a further figure on each of the five sides of the adjoining corner tower. Restoration work of 1838 was so extensive that little of the original style of the figures can be determined. Ywyns may possibly be identified with the sculptor IJssewijn, who was paid for an Annunciation (untraced) and a statue of ‘Heer Hendrick’ for the Stadhuis of Veere. The project was similar to the Middelburg scheme: seven sandstone statues, set between the first-floor windows, survive, representing the patron Hendrik van Borssele and his wife Janna van Halewijn; Wolfert van Borssele and his wife Charlotte of Bourbon; Philip of Burgundy; Anna van Borssele; and Adolf of Burgundy. The lost Annunciation was presumably also incorporated into the façade. Ywyns is sometimes regarded as an exponent of the Renaissance style in the north, but his few remaining works also relate to the tradition of portrait statues established by the bronze tomb figures of Jacques de Gérines in the 1450s.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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