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Zabern Affair


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(1913)

A German political crisis sparked by unrest in the Alsatian garrison town of Saverne (Zabern). It was caused when, more than four decades after Alsace's occupation by the Germans, a German army officer openly insulted the local population. This led to popular unrest, which was quelled with brutal means. The crisis was fuelled by the support given by senior army figures and the German Chancellor Bethmann Hollweg to the behaviour of the military in Saverne. On 4 December the German parliament accepted a vote of no confidence in the Chancellor by a huge majority. This unprecedented move remained without effect as, in the German Empire, the Chancellor was appointed by the Emperor and needed his support only. As with the Daily Telegraph Affair, the parliament was ultimately half‐hearted in its attempts to increase its power against the executive.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).


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