founder of the Barnabite Order. Born at Cremona, he studied medicine at Padua University and practised in his home town as a doctor. But he became a priest in 1528, having decided that he was called to exercise compassion by spiritual as well as physical healing. In 1530 he founded an order of priests bound by vows ‘to regenerate and revive the love of divine worship and a properly Christian way of life by frequent preaching and faithful ministry of the sacraments’. Emphasis on the Eucharist and the teaching of St Paul were characteristic. He worked at Milan and Vicenza, but died prematurely at Cremona. His Order, like those founded by Camillus of Lellis, Joseph Calasanz, and Jerome Emiliani, are examples of the revival of Christian life in Italy in times of notorious abuses. He was canonized in 1897. Feast: 5 July.
O. M. Premoli, Storia dei Barnabiti nel Cinquecento (1913); G. Chastel, Saint Antoine-Marie Zaccaria, Barnabite (1930); B.L.S., vii. 34–6. Bibl. SS., ii. 216–20.
Subjects: Christianity — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).