A model of social facilitation based on drive theory. According to the model, the presence of an audience increases the psychological arousal of performers. This increased arousal (loosely called drive) tends to diminish performance on difficult tasks that are unlearned or incompletely learned, and enhances performance on well-learned tasks. The model has been criticized because it is based on ‘sheer presence’ of the audience with no interaction between audience and performer; this situation rarely occurs in competitive sport,
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.