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Zamostje, Moscow Region, Russia


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A series of closely related riverside and lakeside settlements in the upper Volga region discovered in 1987 by V. Sidorov and subsequently explored by Vladimir Lozovski (site 2) and Alexei Sorokin (site 5). The sequence of deposits, up to 5 m thick in places, has seven main units, starting in the Resseta Culture of the early Holocene and extending through to the Fatyanovo Culture of about 2500 bc. Extensive waterlogging and later peat formation provides exceptionally fine preservation, especially for the Mesolithic (Butovo Culture) and Neolithic (Lialovo Culture) levels. Until the early 3rd millennium bc the area was occupied by hunter‐fisher groups, in the Mesolithic focusing on elk and beaver hunting. Although elk remains prominent during the Neolithic, there is more interest in the exploitation of wild boar and Mustelidae than in earlier times. The rich material culture includes flint and bone projectile points, fishing equipment, and decorated bone and stone. A wooden platform and a possible fishtrap have also been uncovered, both probably of the later Mesolithic.

Sum.:

V. M. Lozovski, 1996, Zamostje 2: the last prehistoric hunter‐fishers of the Russian Plain. Treignes, Belgium: Editions du Cedarc

Subjects: Archaeology.


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