Hermann Zapf

(b. 1918)

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(1918– )

This eminent German graphic designer, typographer, calligrapher, and book designer was a major international figure and widely recognized as an educator and thinker of significance. He was also a member of the Alliance Graphique Internationale (AGI) and the American Institute of Graphic Arts (AIGA) and was elected as a Royal Designer for Industry in 1985. His early graphic interests lay in calligraphy and the work of Rudolf Koch and Edward Johnston, although he was to become widely known for his contribution to type, working as type director of the Stempel Foundry in Frankfurt from 1947 to  , graphic consultant to the Megenthaler Linotype Company in Brooklyn, New York, from 1957 to  , and vice‐president of Design Processing International in New York from 1977 to  . His best‐known typefaces included Palatino (1950), Optima (1958), ITC Zapf International (1977), and ITC Zapf Chancery (1979), the latter two for the International Typeface Corporation. Other major foundries for which he worked included Linotype and Berthold. He was a prolific author, his books including Manuale Typographicum (volume i, 1954, volume ii, 1968), Typographische Variationen (1963), and Herman Zapf and his Design Philosophy (1987).

Subjects: Bibliography — Industrial and Commercial Art.

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