Minor Prophet. Chs. 1–8, deriving mainly from Zachariah himself, date from 519–517 bc. An introductory prophecy is followed by eight visions. In one of these (4: 1–14) Zerubbabel, the contemporary head of the royal house of Judah, is exhorted to complete the restoration of the Temple and is perhaps identified with the Davidic prince (see Messiah). In chs. 7–8 Zechariah asserts the need for righteousness rather than fasting, and prophesies the future glory of Judah when the Gentiles seeking God should voluntarily join themselves to the Jews. Chs. 9–14 contain two anonymous prophecies reflecting the circumstances of a later age.
Subjects: Biblical Studies.