American artist, born in Escondido, California. She studied painting and sculpture but she works in a territory between fine art and visionary design. She has worked in two sites, one which she called A–Z East, in Brooklyn, New York, and the other A–Z West, where most of her later efforts have been concentrated, in the California desert. These are intended not just as working places but as spaces in which her ideas are lived out and tested. Her work reflects preoccupations with the effects of consumerism on the environment. For instance she designed clothes intended to be worn without change for months at a time. The A–Z Comfort Units are intended to provide everything necessary for life in a small space. The A–Z Escape Vehicle, a kind of miniature caravan, could be customized by the user, although the exteriors were identical. Her own was reminiscent of the grotto designed by the mad King Ludwig of Bavaria. At stake is a rethinking of the Modern Movement idea of functionalism, which had, for a short period between the wars, united the aspirations of many architects, designers, and artists, for a Postmodern age of pluralism and fragmentation.