During the Netherlands War of Independence, Elizabeth I sent troops under the earl of Leicester to aid the rebels. In 1586 they laid siege to Zutphen, defended by a Spanish garrison under Prince Alexander of Parma. The Spanish sent a relief column and on 22 September Leicester attempted to intercept it. He was forced to retire after suffering considerable losses, including the death of his own nephew, Sir Philip Sidney.
Subjects: British History — Early Modern History (1500 to 1700).