(b Moscow, 1888; d St Raphael, Jun. 1965)
Russian-French dancer, ballet master, and teacher. He danced with Diaghilev's Ballets Russes (1912–26), appearing mostly in character roles. With his wife, the ballerina Vera Nemchinova (they later divorced), he toured internationally. He was ballet director of the Kaunas Opera House (1930–6); soloist and ballet master of Blum's Ballets de Monte Carlo (1936–45); he reorganized the ballet company at the Théâtre de la Monnaie in Brussels (1952); and was ballet master of the Teatro Colón in Buenos Aires (1957–60). He had his own dance studio in Paris (1946–52). He also staged revivals of the Diaghilev repertoire at the Paris Opera Ballet and at La Scala, Milan.