The process by which degrees and other awards are approved by universities or other awarding bodies, both for programmes of study within the awarding institution itself, where this is appropriate, and for those taught in partner institutions, such as colleges of further education, where the qualification awarded is in the university's or the awarding body's name. In order to be validated, such programmes and awards must go through a formal validation procedure, the purpose of which is to ensure that all aspects of quality assurance are in place with regard to the content, teaching, administration, resourcing, and assessment of the programme. To this end, a validation document is usually prepared, explaining how all these aspects will be covered. In the case of university‐validated awards, this is submitted to a validation panel made up of relevant university staff and including one or more external members from other universities or academic bodies. The decision‐making process which ensues is known as the validation event. If the programme being considered for validation is to be delivered by an institution other than the awarding body, for example in a local college, an inspection of the site and its facilities may form part of the validation process.