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Allio


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Italian family of artists. Originally from Scaria, Intelvi, in the 16th and 17th centuries many members of the family moved to Austria, Bavaria, Bohemia and Hungary, where they worked in a variety of fields associated with the building industry. The first of at least four branches of the family active in the Habsburg lands was descended from Martino Allio I (fl 1520), a master mason from Scaria, recorded as working on the fortifications of Radkersburg, on the border between Austria and the Ottoman Empire. He had three sons, the architect and engineer (1) Domenico Allio, who was the most important member of the family, Gianmaria Allio (d 1593) and Andrea Allio I (fl 1551–8).(1) Domenico Allio [Domenico dell’Allio] (b? Lugano, 1505, or?Scaria, 1515; d Graz, 1563). Architect and engineer. He trained in northern Italy, and he is recorded in Styria from 1530. Together with a fairly large team of builders, Domenico renewed and modernized the fortifications against the Turks in Styria (Graz; after 1543), Carinthia (Klagenfurt, plan of the town fortifications; 1535) and Slovenia (Varaždin, Maribor; 1554) and Croatia (Zagreb). He sometimes worked on non-military projects, including the castle at Neuhaus an der Donau (1554–63), the grand staircase (destr. 19th century) at Graz Castle, the royal oratory and a chapel (1554) in Graz Cathedral and the Landhaus (1556–63) at Graz. Not only is the Landhaus Allio's most important work, it is also one of the most architecturally interesting 16th-century monuments north of the Alps. The north and east sides of the courtyard are articulated with three superimposed ranges of arcaded loggias in High Renaissance style. Allio enjoyed the confidence of his patron Ferdinand I, King of Bohemia and Hungary (later Holy Roman Emperor), and in 1553 he was appointed royal master builder and in 1555 chief master builder of the Croatian and Slovene frontier area; in 1558 he was ennobled.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.



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