Egyptian lawyer, writer, advocate of women's rights. Earned legal license in Cairo and Montpellier. Served in various Egyptian judicial posts. Signature publications, Tahrir al-marah (The liberation of women) (1899) and Al-marah al-jadidah (The new woman) (1900), advocated greater rights for women and spawned great debate over women's issues throughout the Arab world. Critiqued veiling, female seclusion, early marriage, and lack of education. Considered the restructuring of Egyptian culture and legal reform as remedies to social ills. Historically viewed as a pioneer of Egyptian feminism, though revisionist scholarship has criticized Amin's work as pro-Western and as treating Egyptian women as objects through which nationalist issues were deliberated.