Nathaniel Bacon was born on 12 December 1593 and was buried on 1 September 1660. He came from a substantial gentry and legal background, being the grandson of Nicholas Bacon, Lord Keeper under Elizabeth I. His father was an MP, a sheriff and a noted Puritan who studied under Beza. Nathaniel Bacon was educated at Cambridge, receiving a BA in 1611. He was attached to Gray's Inn in 1611, summoned to the Bar in 1617 and became a reader in 1640. He was elected recorder of Ipswich in 1643 and became chairman of the Eastern Association in 1644. He became an MP for Cambridge (along with his brother Francis) in 1645 and was active on various committees in the Long Parliament. He was secluded from the Long Parliament by Pride's Purge, but readmitted on 6 June 1649 and appointed an Admiralty judge later that year. He served as a Member in both Parliaments under the Protectorate and as a master of requests to Cromwell's Council of State.
From The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy in Oxford Reference.