[Fr. Bâle; Ger. Basel].
Swiss city, capital of the canton of Basle City, situated on the River Rhine where it turns through 90° to flow northwards. The river divides the city into Greater Basle (including the old town) on the left bank and Lesser Basle on the right. To the north lies the Upper Rhenish plain. Its location, beside both the French and German borders, has had a decisive influence on the city's economic and cultural development. After the Church Council of Basle in 1431–48, the foundation of the university in 1460 and the development of the printing industry in Basle, the city became an important centre of humanism, attracting writers and artists, such as Erasmus and Hans Holbein II.
From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Renaissance Art.