(1644–1711?) alleged traitor, born in the Netherlands. Bayard, a former Dutch nationalist mayor of New York City under English rule (appointed 1685), was related to Peter Stuyvesant. He was a commanding officer of the New York County militia in Leisler's Rebellion (1689–91), during which he urged the governor to execute Jacob Leisler, a militia captain and leader of the rebellion, under an act passed by the general assembly making it high treason to attempt to “disturb the peace, good, and quiet” of the government. Ironically, Bayard was sent to trial in 1702 on the same charge of high treason after he presented a petition to the Dutch Leislerian government (returned to power in 1701), accusing them of being corrupt and discriminating against the English. He escaped the gallows since the Leislerians were afraid to act decisively against him.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.