1 (Mozart: La finta giardiniera). Ten. Count Belfiore, a somewhat mad young man, lover of the Marchesa Violante. He had stabbed her and fled, believing her to be dead. She is disguised as a gardener's assistant at the mayor's house. Belfiore arrives to be presented as the prospective bridegroom of the mayor's niece. He is accused of murdering the Marchesa, who saves him by admitting her identity. Created (1775) probably by Johann Walleshauser.
2 (Verdi: Un giorno di regno). Bar. Cavalier di Belfiore is a friend of the Polish King Stanislao, whose right to the throne is being challenged. To draw attention from the monarch, Belfiore poses as king and travels to France as a guest in Baron Kelbar's castle. On arrival he finds his sweetheart very angry—thinking he has deserted her, she is about to wed a local dignitary. He forbids the wedding—after all, he is king and they must do his bidding. News reaches the castle that the Polish crisis is over, the king is safe, and Belfiore can reveal his true identity and marry his Marchese. Created (1840) by Raffaele Ferlotti.
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