(1655–1743), Scottish-born clergyman, politician, and leader of the Church of England in Virginia, was successful in withstanding the opposition of the governor, Andros, and managed to have him recalled (1697). He acted as governor of the colony (1740–41). He also founded the College of William and Mary (1693), of which he was president until his death, and with Henry Hartwell and Edward Chilton he wrote The Present State of Virginia and the College (1727). His sermons in Virginia, including 117 on the subject Our Saviour's Divine Sermon on the Mount, appeared in 5 volumes in London (1722).
From The Oxford Companion to American Literature in Oxford Reference.