boron carbide

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A black solid, B4C, soluble only in fused alkali; it is extremely hard, over 9½ on Mohs' scale; rhombohedral; r.d. 2.52; m.p. 2350°C; b.p. >3500°C. Boron carbide is manufactured by the reduction of boric oxide with petroleum coke in an electric furnace. It is used largely as an abrasive, but objects can also be fabricated using high-temperature powder metallurgy. Boron nitride is also used as a neutron absorber because of its high proportion of boron–10.

Subjects: Chemistry.

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