Candida albicans

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A yeast (yeasts are classified as fungi) species frequently found as part of the commensal oral microbial flora and the female genital tract, having two distinct forms (dimorphic). The organism can exist as oval budding yeasts or as filamentous hyphae, of which the latter are frequently associated with tissue invasion. C. albicans is the most pathogenic species of the genus Candida and can cause infections when host immunity is impaired or when the normal microbial flora is disturbed, such as following broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy. C. albicans is an opportunistic pathogen and a frequent cause of infection of immunocompromised individuals, such as those infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).

Subjects: Dentistry.

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