capital structure

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1 The balance between the assets and liabilities of a company, the nature of its assets, and the composition of its borrowings. The assets may be fixed (tangible or intangible) or current (stock, debtors, or creditors); the borrowings may be long- or short-term, fixed or floating, secured or unsecured. Ideally the assets and liabilities should be matched. See also gearing.

2 The mix of differently rated classes of debt in a structured finance instrument. See tranche.

Subjects: Financial Institutions and Services.

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