Christian Science

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The tenets of a religious body founded by Mary Baker Eddy (1821–1910), who set out her teaching in Science and Health (1875; revised, with Key to the Scriptures, 1883). While accepting the historicity of the Gospel accounts of Jesus’ birth, death, and bodily resurrection, she drew a distinction between Jesus the man and Christ, the divinity which He manifested. Everything that does not express the nature of God is ‘unreal’; evil and sickness have no ultimate reality and are to be destroyed by the subject's becoming aware of God's power and love (rather than by medical treatment). In 1879 the ‘Church of Christ, Scientist’ was founded in Boston, Mass., and reorganized on a permanent basis in 1892. Christian Science spread, especially in the English-speaking world and in Germany.

Subjects: Christianity.

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