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(6th(?) century),

king and martyr. He was of the family of Brychan who ruled in Ewyas (Hereford and Monmouth area). His Legend, first recorded in the Book of Llan Dav about six centuries after his death, relates that a nobleman's daughter fell in love with him and said she would marry nobody but him. One of Clydog's comrades who had himself decided to marry her, killed the king with his sword while hunting. The body was placed on a cart and driven to a ford in the river Monnow, but then the yoke broke, the oxen refused to be driven further, and a church was built on the spot, ever since called Clodock or Merthir Clitauc (Hereford), where the king was buried. Whytford described him as ‘a kynges son of strayte iustyce, a louer of peace, and of pure chastite, and of strayte and perfyte life yt was cruelly slayne by a fals traytour at whose death were shewed many myracles and at his tombe after many moo’. He is represented in art wearing a crown and bearing a sword and a lily. But some modern scholars maintain that the title of martyr was given to a hermit and confessor through ‘Merthir’ being understood as ‘martyrium’, when it simply meant ‘shrine’. Feast: 3 November.

N.L.A., i. 190–1;AA.SS. Aug. III (1737), 733;F. G. Llewellin, The History of St Clodock (1920);Baring-Gould and Fisher, ii. 153–4.

Subjects: Christianity.

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