(1908-1988) He was born in Galashiels, Scotland and obtained his medical degree in 1938. During World War II he worked as a medical officer and became a prisoner of war in 1941. In 1948 he joined the Medical Research Council's Pneumoconiosis Research Unit in South Wales and became Director in 1960. Here he undertook studies in dust exposure in the coal mines and the associated disability it caused. In 1960 he was appointed Professor of Tuberculosis and Diseases of the Chest at the Welsh National School of Medicine and in 1969 received a CBE for services to medicine. In 1972 he became the first president of the Faculty of Community Medicine (subsequently the Faculty of Public Health) and in 1973 received an honorary doctorate from the University of York. Archie Cochrane is best known for his enthusiastic advocacy of randomized controlled trials and the importance of these in determining effective health care interventions. His ideas eventually led to the development of the Cochrane Library database of systematic reviews, the establishment of the first UK Cochrane Centre in Oxford in 1992 and the founding of the international Cochrane Collaboration in 1993.