Cod Wars

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(1958–61, 1973, 1975–6)

The popular name given to the antagonism between Britain and Iceland over fishing rights. They resulted from Iceland's unilateral extension of its fishing limits from 12 to 50, and then to 200 miles. Especially in 1975–6, Icelandic gunboats harassed, and sought to arrest, British trawlers entering these zones. In 1972–4, Britain obtained favourable judgments from the International Court of Justice, and subsequently sent Royal Navy frigates to escort its trawlers. A compromise was agreed in 1976, whereby twenty‐four British trawlers could fish within an agreed 200 mile zone.

Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).

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