(1856–1924), Armenian scholar. He was a Fellow of University College, Oxford, from 1881 to 1887, and spent much of his life travelling in search of Armenian MSS. Among his works were a Collation with the Ancient Armenian Versions of the Greek Text of Aristotle's Categories (1892), and editions of important early documents of the Armenian Church, some of which he published in his Rituale Armenorum (1905). His discovery of an Armenian MS in which the concluding verses of St Mark's Gospel (16:9–20) were assigned to the ‘Presbyter Ariston’ (whom he identified with Aristion), attracted much attention. For several years he was a member of the Rationalist Press Association, and his Myth, Magic and Morals, a Study of Christian Origins (1909), written as an attack on Christianity, evoked a reply from W. Sanday under the title A New Marcion (1909).
From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.